Back muscles may spasm or stiffen after a traumatic injury or repetitive strain. A traumatic injury typically comes from a severe fall or car accident. A repetitive strain is when muscles are irritated over a long-period of time until they reach a point that triggers a spasm. Spasms help to protect the area from further injury, but they can be extremely painful and lead to tearing of the muscles. After spasms the muscles may then experience extreme stiffening to protect the area from further harm.
Based on the complexity and severity of the spasm, treatments can include any of the following:
support and protect the muscles
minimize any inflammation
ultrasound and massage to loosen muscle tissue and increase blood flow
chiropractic adjustments to the adjoining joints to increase nerve flow and natural body healing.